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Housing Policies

This policy inventory compiles some tax policies that states can choose to put into place to support economic security for families with young children.

Child Care Priority During Homelessness

  • Establish automatic or streamlined eligibility for children experiencing homelessness
  • Establish priority for children experiencing homelessness to receive child care subsidies

Source:

School House Connection: State Laws on Early Childhood Education

Child Care Subsidy Exceptions During Homelessness

  • Implementing exemptions from work requirements for parents experiencing homelessness
  • Waiving co-payments for parents experiencing homelessness
  • When children are experiencing homelessness, exempting or putting in place a grace period for the submission of eligibility/enrollment documentation (with immediate enrollment pending document submission)
  • Grace period for children experiencing homelessness to meet immunization requirements (with immediate enrollment pending meeting requirements)

Source:

School House Connection: State Laws on Early Childhood Education

Pre-K Priority During Homelessness

  • Focusing on recruiting families experiencing homelessness to pre-k programs

Example:

Illinois

  • Prioritizing children experiencing homelessness for pre-k slots

Example:

Maryland, Texas, Illinois

Source:

School House Connection: State Laws on Early Childhood Education

Rental Assistance for Low-Income Families

  • Funding a housing program that provides rental assistance to low-income families with children to avoid eviction or homelessness

Six states have established this kind of program.

Source: NCCP: Early Childhood Profiles

Housing-Based Food Access

  • Establishing a food security program in which housing authorities distribute food to low-income communities

Source:

Urban Institute: How Stable Affordable Housing Can Help Tackle Food Insecurity

Proxy for Income in Rental Assistance

  • Allowing a proxy to determine rental assistance eligibility

Programs can use a reasonable proxy, such as average incomes in a neighborhood, in conjunction with self-attestation to determine household incomes, in order to determine eligibility for Emergency Rental Assistance

Source:

National Low-Income Housing Coalition: Implementing Fact-Specific Proxy in ERA Programs

Improving Affordable Housing Supply Through Zoning 

  • Using zoning and land-use regulations to increase affordable housing supply

The brief mentioned below provides an overview of how zoning affects housing supply—first describing local governments’ comprehensive plans and, second, zoning and some of its critical elements.

Source:

Bipartisan Policy Center: What are zoning and land-use regulations and how do they affect housing supply?

Improving Affordable Housing Supply Through Tax Credits to Developers

  • Providing tax breaks to developers willing to construct low-income housing.

The state programs are designed to supplement the federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credit program.

Twenty-four states have implemented this strategy.

Example:

Colorado has been one of the most successful at leveraging state tax dollars to expand affordable housing.

Source:

Pew: Here’s one way states are boosting affordable housing

Using ARPA Dollars for Housing Assistance

  • Using federal rescue dollars for short term aid to renters and homeowners, services to people experiencing homelessness, affordable housing production, home repairs/weatherization, and supportive housing

Twenty-six states and the District of Columbia have used this strategy.

Source:

CBPP: States Should Use Flexible Federal Pandemic Aid to Boost Access to Affordable Housing and Reduce Homelessness