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Equity Data and Reports

Significant research has been undertaken to document the effects of structural racism on children birth through eight. These resources can help state advocates demonstrate the crucial need for antiracist early childhood policy.

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Understanding Latino Children and Families’ Well-being Requires Data Disaggregated by Birth Within or Outside the United States

The National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families -- Disaggregated data that compare the lived experiences and outcomes of Hispanic children and families born in the United States to those born outside the country are needed to understand disparities in education, child care and health care access, employment opportunities, and other key areas that affect U.S. Hispanic children and families’ well-being. This brief builds on previous findings that the challenges, opportunities, and lived experiences of Latinx individuals vary significantly by their nativity status and that these differences are tied in significant ways to their and their children’s well-being. These differences should be considered when examining how policies and programs support the diverse needs of Latino individuals.

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A 100-year Review of Research on Black Families

Child Trends -- This comprehensive report delves into the evolution of social science research on Black families over the past century, offering valuable insights into the changing landscape of scholarship and its implications for policy and practice. It is divided into two volumes, spanning from 1920 to 2019. By contextualizing each era within its social, political, and economic backdrop, Lloyd and Sanders provide a nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities faced by Black families throughout history.

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A Resource to Help Researchers and Funders Understand Indigenous Children, Youth, and Families

Child Trends -- Child Trends’ Indigenous children, youth, and families research team has written a resource for researchers and funders who work with Indigenous children, youth, and families. The brief highlights geographic distribution and demographic overview of Indigenous Peoples, impacts of colonization and Indian Law on well-being, approaches for improving Indigenous child and youth outcomes, and recommended research, evaluation, technical assistance, and funding approaches.

Data on Latino Children

New Data Point: One in Four Children Nationwide are Latino

National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families -- The National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families released a brief that describes the age distribution of the Latino child population, as well as its share and distribution nationally and for each state. The analysis shows that one in four children nationally are Latino, comprising a sizeable proportion (10% or more) of the child population in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

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Advancing Racial Equity in Early Childhood Through Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation

Child Trends -- This brief explores how Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (IECMHC) can help early childhood programs and professionals advance racial equity in ECE and therefore address early social-emotional and educational disparities. The resource provides equity-focused recommendations to help IECMHC programs, researchers, and policymakers expand IECMHC’s potential as a model. (June 2023)

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Advancing anti-racist economic research and policy: Perspectives and resources on race, ethnicity, and the economy

Economic Policy Institute Program on Race, Ethnicity and the Economy (PREE) - This guide seeks to strengthen anti-racist research and policy work by challenging assumptions and norms and exploring emerging frameworks for data gathering and analysis. It is coauthored by some of the leading voices on the myriad ways in which race and ethnicity have been used to assign advantage or disadvantage and to normalize racial and ethnic inequities. (June 2022)

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Latino Infants: A Continuing Imperative

UnidosUS and the National Collaborative for Infants and Toddlers -- Hispanics are one of the fastest-growing populations in the country, increasing by an amazing 23% since 2010. There is an urgent need to develop informed policies and provide sufficient resources to ensure Latino babies develop into healthy children. UnidosUS reviewed research evidence on dual-language learning, culturally responsive practices, and numerous health topics important to Latino infant development. (April 2022)

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States’ Growing Commitment to Preventing Young Children’s Expulsion from Early Care and Education Programs: Results of a 50-State Policy Survey

National Center for Children in Poverty/BUILD Initiative -- This brief reports on state expulsion and suspension policies for early care and education settings serving children under age six. The negative consequences of exclusionary practices in ECE settings are especially concerning in light of evidence that Black children are expelled from preschool at higher rates than other children. The brief identifies trends in critical actions states are taking to help ensure that all children have an opportunity to benefit from early care and education. (October 2021)


Addressing Bias and Advancing Equity in State Policy

ZERO TO THREE -- This article explores the many ways in which states can and are addressing racial equity in problem solving and policymaking. The authors explore national data that make the case for addressing bias and advancing equity in state policy; share strategies and best practices for engaging families and communities; and provide examples of policies that can disrupt and dismantle institutional racism, promote equity, and ensure all babies get a strong start in life. (October 2021)

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Getting Back on Track: A Detailed Look at Health Coverage Trends for Latino Children

Georgetown University Center for Children's and Families -- As the overall child uninsured rate started going in the wrong direction between 2016 and 2019, Latino children were disproportionately affected.2 Erasing years of progress, Latino children’s uninsured rate reached 9.3 percent in 2019. (June 2021)

Racism and Equity - Maternal Child Health

Racism Creates Inequities in Maternal and Child Health, Even Before Birth

ZERO TO THREE -- To inform maternal and child health policy and practice, this brief applies a racial and ethnic equity lens to the review of data from the State of Babies Yearbook: 2021. Specifically, this brief aims to explore why there are disparities in maternal and child health; what disparities exist, and for whom; and how policymakers and practitioners can promote racial and ethnic equity to improve maternal and child health. (May 2021)

Taxes and Racial Equity

Taxes and Racial Equity: An Overview of State and Local Policy Impacts

Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy — This report examines how policymakers can generate more economic and racial equity with better decisions about state and local taxes. By enacting progressive income taxes with more brackets at the top, restoring estate or inheritance taxes, taxing earnings from wealth at least as much as earnings from work, and taxing wealth itself, policymakers can meaningfully address economic and racial inequality and create a more equitable nation. (March 2021)

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Federal Policies Can Address the Impact of Structural Racism on Black Families’ Access to Early Care and Education

Child Trends — Black Americans’ social standing in the United States has been shaped by a long history of racism in laws, policies, and practices that has built racist institutions and created and exacerbated inequality.This brief sheds light on the role of federal policies in creating, maintaining, and addressing inequities brought about by structural racism, with a specific focus on access to early care and education for Black families. (March 2021)

Black Families with Children Demographic Report

Family, Economic, and Geographic Characteristics of Black Families with Children

Child Trends — This brief provides a brief summary of recent data and historical context on family structure, employment and income, and geography for Black people with young children in the United States. (March 2021)


Access to High-Quality Early Education and Racial Equity

National Institute for Early Education Research — In this policy analysis, NIEER documents that access to high quality ECE in the U.S. is low and unequal. While Black children enroll in center-based ECE at about the same rate as their White Non-Hispanic peers, with higher rates of enrollment in publicly funded programs, the quality of their preschool experiences differs. (June 2020)

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Equity Starts Early: Addressing Racial Inequities in Child Care and Early Education Policy

Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) — This brief explores racial equity issues in major early childhood programs, policies, and systems, including CCDBG, Head Start, and state pre-kindergarten programs. It provides demographic and historical context for creating racially equitable early childhood policies and analyzes policy issues related to access, quality, and the early childhood workforce. Finally, the report offers state and federal policy strategies that can begin to address inequities. (July 2018)


Using Disaggregated Data to Inform Policies, Practices, and Decision-making

Annie E. Casey FoundationBy The Numbers: A Race for Results Case Study demonstrates how collecting and analyzing disaggregated race-based data can help leaders and communities effectively manage and allocate resources to help children and families. (March 2016)